HL7 FHIR Implementation Guide: minimal Common Oncology Data Elements (mCODE), v0.9.1

HL7 FHIR Implementation Guide: minimal Common Oncology Data Elements (mCODE), v0.9.1 FHIR Profiles - Local Development build (v0.9.1). See the Directory of published versions

AnatomicalOrientationVS

AnatomicalOrientationVS ValueSet

Terms that specify anatomical orientation. The orientation value set is part of BodyLocation, a flexible structure that allows the location to be determined by a single code, or a code plus laterality and/or orientation. The body location can also be specified in relation to one or more body landmarks. SNOMED CT is used in all cases. * Code only: The code should include (precoordinate) laterality and/orientation to the degree necessary to completely specify the body location. * Code plus laterality and/or orientation: The basic code augmented by codes specifying the body side and/or anatomical orientation. * Relation to landmark: The location relative to a landmark is specified by: 1. Establishing the location and type of landmark using a body site code and optional laterality/orientation, and 2. Specifying the direction and distance from the landmark to the body location. Note that BodyLocation is a data type (a reusable structure), not a stand-alone entity. The concept is similar to how a postal address can apply to a person, location, or organization. This contrasts with FHIR's stand-alone BodySite (aka BodyStructure in r4) which 'is not ... intended for describing the type of anatomical location but rather a specific body site on a specific patient' (FHIR 3.5).

Defining URL:http://mcodeinitiative.org/us/mcode/ValueSet/obf-datatype-AnatomicalOrientationVS
Version:0.9.1
Name:AnatomicalOrientationVS
Definition:

Terms that specify anatomical orientation. The orientation value set is part of BodyLocation, a flexible structure that allows the location to be determined by a single code, or a code plus laterality and/or orientation. The body location can also be specified in relation to one or more body landmarks. SNOMED CT is used in all cases.

  • Code only: The code should include (precoordinate) laterality and/orientation to the degree necessary to completely specify the body location.
  • Code plus laterality and/or orientation: The basic code augmented by codes specifying the body side and/or anatomical orientation.
  • Relation to landmark: The location relative to a landmark is specified by:
  • Establishing the location and type of landmark using a body site code and optional laterality/orientation, and
  • Specifying the direction and distance from the landmark to the body location.

Note that BodyLocation is a data type (a reusable structure), not a stand-alone entity. The concept is similar to how a postal address can apply to a person, location, or organization. This contrasts with FHIR's stand-alone BodySite (aka BodyStructure in r4) which 'is not ... intended for describing the type of anatomical location but rather a specific body site on a specific patient' (FHIR 3.5).

Publisher:The MITRE Corporation
Source Resource:XML / JSON / Turtle
Downloads: XML, JSON, Turtle

Expansion

This value set contains 817 concepts

All codes from system http://snomed.info/sct

CodeDisplay
795002Deep
3583002Caudal
7771000Left side
14414005Peripheral
18769003Juxta-posed
24028007Rt - Right
26283006Superficial
32400000Preaxial
33096000Vertical
33843005Efferent
37197008Anterolateral
38717003Longitudinal
40415009Proximal
43674008Apical
46053002Distal
49370004Lateral
49530007Afferent
51440002Right and left
57195005Basal
60583000Postaxial
61397002Subcapsular
62372003Segmental
62824007Transverse
65424008Contiguous
66459002Unilateral
66787007Cephalic
69320009Extracellular
72906007Common
81654009Coronal
83167003Intracellular
87687004Extra-articular
90069004Posterolateral
103339001Long axis
103340004Short axis
103341000Off axis
103342007Mid-longitudinal
103343002Parasagittal
112233002Marginal
128590009Anatomical reference point of right atrium
131183008Intra-articular
131185001Vertical long axis
131186000Horizontal long axis
182353008Side
225770002Enteral
225780003Sublingual
229801003Intra-arterial
255208005Ipsilateral
255209002Contralateral
255348000Inframammary
255472009Panretinal
255482005Left upper segment
255486008Lower segment
255496004Right lower segment
255499006Right upper segment
255501003Upper segment
255546002Underlay
255547006Overlay
255548001Sandwich graft
255549009Front of
255550009Anterior to epiglottis
255551008Back of
255552001Posterior to epiglottis
255554000Dorsal
255557007Intracerebral
255558002Intragastric
255559005IM - Intramuscular
255560000Intravenous
255561001Medial
255562008Mid
255563003Mid-zone
255564009Perivascular
255565005Peripapillary
255567002Postauricular
255568007Retrosternal
255569004Suprasternal
255570003Temporal
255573001Glabellar
255575008Inguinal
255577000Nuchal
255578005Oblique inguinal
255579002Palatal-lingual
255580004Popliteal
255582007Rectal
255584008Septal
255690001Drug in contact with skin
256886009Whole liver
258186003Via collaterals
258187007Via native vessel - graft impaired
258188002Via native vessel - graft occluded
258189005Via skip graft
258329003Supratentorial
258330008Infratentorial
260235002Core
260240005Interdental
2603180041 o'clock position
2603190071.30 o'clock position
26032200910 o'clock position
26032300410.30 o'clock position
26032400511 o'clock position
26032500611.30 o'clock position
26032600712 o'clock position
26032700312.30 o'clock position
2603280082 o'clock position
2603290002.30 o'clock position
2603300053 o'clock position
2603310093.30 o'clock position
2603330074 o'clock position
2603340014.30 o'clock position
2603350005 o'clock position
2603360045.30 o'clock position
2603370086 o'clock position
2603380036.30 o'clock position
2603390067 o'clock position
2603400087.30 o'clock position
2603410078 o'clock position
2603420008.30 o'clock position
2603430059 o'clock position
2603440049.30 o'clock position
260419006Projection
260421001LLO projection
260422008C1-C2 left oblique
260424009RLO projection
260425005C1-C2 right oblique
260426006Medial oblique
260427002Oblique lateral
260428007Mandible X-ray - lateral oblique
260430009Anteroposterior left lateral decubitus
260431008C1-C2 left lateral
260432001Left true lateral
260434000Anteroposterior right lateral decubitus
260435004C1-C2 right lateral
260436003Right true lateral
260437007Lateral vertical beam
260438002Lateral horizontal beam
260439005Lateral inverted
260440007True lateral of mandible
260441006Frog lateral
260442004Erect lateral
260443009Anteroposterior inverted
260444003PA - Rotated posteroanterior
260445002Posteroanterior 20 degree
260446001Posteroanterior in ulnar deviation
260447005Penetrated posteroanterior
260450008Lordotic projection
260451007Supine decubitus
260452000Decubitus
260453005Internal/external rotation
26045400445 degree projection
260455003Head and neck projection
260458001Slit Towne
260459009Reverse Towne
260460004Slit 35 degree fronto-occipital
260461000Vertex projection
260463002Left Stenver
260464008Right Stenver
260465009Occipitofrontal projection
260466005Occipitomental projection
260467001Occipitomental - erect
260468006Occipitomental - tilted
260469003Occipitomental - prone
260470002Occipitomental - 15 degree
260471003Occipitomental - 30 degree
260472005Occipitomental - 45 degree
260473000Waters - 35 degree tilt to radiographic baseline
260475007Submentovertical reduced exposure for zygomatic arches
260476008Slit SMV
260477004Dental/oral projection
260478009Body - molar
260479001Body - premolar
260481004Ramus projection
260482006Bimolar projection
260483001Toller projection
260484007Transmaxillary projection
260485008Temporomandibular joint setting
260486009Maxillary sinus setting
260487000Dental panoramic
260489002Implant setting projection
260490006Segmental setting
260491005Axial view for sesamoid bones
260492003Brewerton projection
260493008Harris Beath axial projection
260494002Tunnel projection
260496000Judet projection
260497009Mortice projection
260499007Occlusal projection
260500003Projected oblique occlusal
260501004Lower true occlusal
260502006Power grip series
260503001Radial head projection
260504007Skyline projection
260506009Van Rosen projection
260514003Via body reference line
260520002Extracorporeal
260521003Inner
260528009Middle
260529001Vectors
260530006Via body region
260532003Thoracoabdominal
260535001Lateral extrapleural
260540009Nasal
260541008Nasopancreatic
260544000Endobronchial
260548002Oral
260549005Orogastric
260568008Via cardiovascular system
260602004Via superficialized vessel
260620008Postaural
260637001Sublabial transseptal
260641002Extraperitoneal
260642009Retroperitoneal
260668002Venovenous
261044001Anterior axillary
261045000Anterior dorsal
261051005Aortic
261052003Aortocoronary
261054002AA - Arterio-arterial
261055001Arteriovenous
261057009Between intestinal loops
261058004Bicaval
261059007Bicoronal
261061003Bronchial
261062005Buccal
261064006Cervical
261065007Circumareolar
261067004Dorsal part
261073003Epicardial
261074009External
261075005Extra-amniotic
261076006Extracoronal
261078007Fascial
261080001Femoral
261089000Inferior
261093006Intestinal
261094000Into bladder
261095004Into ureter
261097007Intracoronal
261100002Intraperitoneal
261101003Intravascular
261103000Jejunal
261114002Labial
261115001Laryngeal
261117009Laryngotracheal
261119007Lateral part
261121002Lingual
261122009Lower
261123004Lower anterior
261128008Medial part
261129000Mediolateral
261130005Mesenteric
261131009Midaxillary
261132002Midclavicular
261133007Middle third
261136004Mural
261137008Musculocutaneous
261139006Myotomal
261142000Omental
261145003Palatal
261146002Peri-aortic
261147006Paracolic
261148001Paraspinal
261149009Parasternal
261154000Penis and bladder neck
261156003Periadrenal
261157007Perineal
261158002Periosteal
261159005Posterior axillary
261165005Posterior dorsal
261172006Proximal third
261173001Radial
261174007Retrocecal
261175008Retroduodenal
261179002Thoracic
261180004Tracheal
261181000Tracheobronchial
261182007Ulnar
261183002Upper
261184008Upper anterior
261185009Venoarterial
261186005Ventral part
261188006Whole body
261189003Whole skeleton
261411001Distal third
261446009Transpulmonary annulus
261466000Via intrapulmonary trunk tunnel
261469007Via orbitotomy
261760007Deep to rectus abdominis
261788001Exteriorized
261799004From existing graft to coronary artery
261847009Intracervical
261851006Internally to bladder
261945002Mixed venoarterial and venovenous
261964008Muscle fibers only
261980003Neuromuscular junction only
262347001Bifrontal
262351004Bitemporal
262355008Brachial
262379005Dominant side
262458006Non-dominant side
263672002Anocutaneous
263674001Anovestibular
263687007Bony extra-articular
263688002Bony intra-articular
263734003Diaphragmatic
263759007Foraminal
263767004Genital
263794000Left side-by-side
263795004Left sided
263802001Limbal
263816006Muscular
263826004Orbital
263830001Panacinar
263831002Panlobular
263832009Parietal
263838008Periacinar
263846009Prevascular
263847000Prostatic
263848005Proximal acinar
263864002Salivary
263869007Separate
263871007Sinusoidal
263887005Subcutaneous
263925004Venous
263928002Visceral
263929005Volar
263938007Above middle turbinate
263939004Anal
263942005Anterior segment
263943000Anterior wall
263952009Periorbital
263953004Around mouth
263954005Arterial
263955006Atlantoaxial
263957003Axillary
263958008Between left common carotid and brachiocephalic arteries
263959000Between left subclavian and common carotid arteries
263965000Bronchocutaneous
263966004Bronchopleural
263968003Central venous
263969006Centriacinar
263970007Centrilobular
263974003Cervicothoracic
263975002Cervicothoracolumbar
263977005Colonic
263981005Distal to left subclavian artery
263989007Duodenal
263990003Duodenoduodenal
263991004Duodenojejunal
263996009Extrafoveal
263997000Extraureteric
263998005Extravaginal
263999002From anterosuperior-superior bridging leaflet commissure
264000000From left inferior bridging leaflet-lateral commissure
264001001From left septal commissure
264002008From left superior bridging leaflet-lateral commissure
264004009From left ventricular component
264005005From right anterosuperior-inferior commissure
264006006From right inferior bridging leaflet-inferior commissure
264007002From right septal commissure
264008007From right ventricular component
264010009Gastric
264011008Gastroduodenal
264012001Gastrogastric
264015004Hepatopleural
264023002Ileocecal
264024008Ileocolic
264025009Iliofemoral vein zone
264026005Ileo-ileal
264027001Ileorectal
264030008In joint
264031007In situ
264034004Infracardiac
264035003Infravesical
264040006Interchordal
264041005Interdigital
264042003Intervertebral
264043008Intraligamentous
264044002Intracardiac
264045001Intraluminal
264046000Intramammary
264047009Intrapulmonary
264049007Intravaginal
264056001Lateral column
264060003Lateral segment
264065008Left anterior
264067000Left lateral wall
264068005Left lower segment
264076007Lower left parasternal
264081003Lower third
264082005Lumbar
264083000Lumbosacral
264084006Lymphoreticular
264096004Medial segment
264099006Mediastinal
264103001Midtarsal
264105008Nasopharyngeal
264107000Paravertebral
264110007Esophagocolonic
264111006Esophagogastric
264112004Esophagojejunal
264114003Ostium
264117005Paraesophageal
264118000Paraduodenal
264119008Parafoveal
264121003Paramacular
264123000Paraseptal
264124006Paraumbilical
264126008Paravascular
264127004Paraovarian
264128009Paratracheal
264131005Peri-intestinal
264133008Perianal
264135001Pericardial
264136000Perihepatic
264137009Perinephric
264139007Peripancreatic
264142001Perisplenic
264143006Peritoneal
264144000Peroneal
264147007Plantar
264148002Pleural
264153007Posterior pole
264154001Posterior segment
264159006Posterior wall
264164005Pulmonary
264168008Rectocloacal
264169000Rectocutaneous
264170004Rectourethral
264171000Rectovaginal
264172007Rectovesical
264173002Rectovulval
264174008Retromammary
264175009Retrocolumellar
264176005Right anterior
264178006Right lateral wall
264179003Right side-by-side
264180000Right sided
264185005Sacroiliac
264191007Scrotal
264193005Segment
264196002Small intestinal
264201006Sternocostal
264202004Subaortic
264205002Subareolar
264206001Subconjunctival
264208000Subcostal
264209008Subfoveal
264215008Superficial sphenoidal
264216009Superficial to rectus abdominis
264217000Superior
264221007Supraumbilical
264222000Supracardiac
264224004Supraglottic
264225003Suprahepatic
264227006Tarsometatarsal
264232007Thoracolumbar
264245006Upper left parasternal
264246007Upper limbal
264253003Upper third
264254009Ureteric
264255005Urethral
264260009Whole forefoot
264261008Cholecystoduodenal
264262001Cholecystoenteric
264263006Cholecystogastric
264264000Choledochoduodenal
264265004Chondral
264266003Colocolic
264267007Colorectal
264463009Epitrochlear
264731004Lateral to the left
264732006Lateral to the right
264741001Posterolateral to the left
264742008Posterolateral to the right
264940008Under inferior bridging leaflet
264941007Under superior bridging leaflet
272288000Onlay
272425003General site descriptor
272426002Specific site descriptor
272427006Anatomical part descriptor
272428001Anatomical third
272429009Part structure
272430004Column structure
272431000Segment structure
272432007Wall structure
272434008Anatomical relationship descriptor
272435009Centri-location
272436005Circum-location
272437001Extra-location
272438006Extrapleural
272439003Infra-location
272440001Inter-location
272441002Intra-location
272442009Mid-location
272443004Pan-location
272444005Para-location
272446007Per-location
272447003Peri-location
272448008Post-location
272449000Pre-location
272450000Retro-location
272451001Sub-location
272452008Supra-location
272455005Inferosuperior projection
272456006Apical projection
272457002Vertical projection
272458007Prone projection
272459004Supine projection
272460009Anterior projection
272461008Right posterior projection
272462001Left posterior projection
272464000Perorbital projection
272465004Temporomandibular joint projection
272466003Optic foramen projection
272467007Lateral facial skeleton projection
272468002Ear projection
272469005Mid face projection
272470006Cervical spine projection
272472003Macro projection
272473008Outlet projection
272474002Swimmer's projection
272475001Tibial tuberosity projection
272476000Transthoracic projection
272478004Transcranial projection
272479007Posteroanterior projection
272480005Horizontal projection
272481009Erect projection
272482002Adduction projection
272483007True projection
272484001Contralateral projection
272485000Clockface position
272486004Trans-direction
272487008Into-structure
272488003From-structure
272489006Via values
272496008Via incision
276179002Male genital
276749003Epi-location
276787006Sphenoidal
276825009Overlapping sites
276979001Aortoiliac
277112006Abdominal
277113001Pelvic
277292000Endo-location
277296002Whole body structures
277407002Deep locations
277409004Superficial locations
277410009Anterior locations
277411008Posterior locations
277412001Proximal locations
277413006Distal locations
277414000Between locations
277415004Above locations
277593009Right posterior
277594003Left posterior
277681008Intrastomal
277685004Tubo-ovarian
277686003Peritubular
277767004Miscellaneous location
277806003Sidedness
277912007Whole breast
278227002Limited structures
278255003Posterior projection
278267001Abduction projection
278318001Zimmer projection
278701003Periumbilical
278702005Transumbilical
285418008Subcuticular
298107004Orthotopic
298108009Heterotopic
298109001Ectopic
303218009Subfascial
303231004Intracranial
303232006Extracranial
303483009Subcranial
304047000Transannular
304059001Endocardial
306766009Low - site descriptor
306767000High - site descriptor
312206004Periapical
313268005Mucosal
314801004Skeletal site descriptor
314804007Cardiovascular site descriptor
314805008Digestive site descriptor
314806009Respiratory site descriptor
314807000Regional site descriptor
314808005Oral site descriptor
314809002Urinary site descriptor
314810007Histological descriptor
314812004Genital site descriptor
314813009Eye site descriptor
314814003Ear site descriptor
314815002Cellular descriptor
314816001Endocrine site descriptor
314817005Developmental site descriptor
314822005Nervous system descriptor
371008006Subfrontal
373863008Intracavitary
397406000Collateral branch of vessel
397421006Vessel origin
398236008Intrauterine
398994001Five chamber view
398996004Leonard-George projection
398998003Right ventricular inflow tract view
399000008Mayer projection
399001007Posterior emissive projection
399002000Nolke projection
399003005Hughston projection
399004004Oblique axial projection
399005003Miller projection
399006002Left posterior oblique projection
399011000Axillary tail mammography view
399012007Medial-lateral emissive projection
399013002Chassard-Lapin projection
399022001Pirie projection
399024000May projection
399025004Ischerwood projection
399026003Zanelli projection
399028002Clements projection
399033003Frontal projection
399036006Parasternal short axis view at the mitral valve level
399037002Lewis projection
399038007Right posterior oblique projection
399043000Cardiac imaging views
399059000Postero-anterior oblique projection
399061009Axial projection
399065000Causton projection
399067008Lateral projection
399071006Plantodorsal projection
399073009Fuchs projection
399074003Left anterior oblique emissive projection
399075002Right posterior oblique emissive projection
399080006Kuchendorf projection
399082003Gaynor-Hart projection
399083008Hsieh projection
399089007Oblique axial emissive projection
399098005Staunig projection
399099002Latero-medial oblique projection
399101009Cranio-caudal projection exaggerated medially
399103007Friedman projection
399106004Suprasternal long axis view
399108003Right anterior oblique emissive projection
399110001Tangential projection
399113004Eponymous projection
399118008Left lateral emissive projection
399125001Twining projection
399127009Teufel projection
399129007Holly projection
399130002West Point projection
399132005Frontal-oblique axial projection
399135007Left anterior oblique projection
399136008Left posterior oblique emissive projection
399138009Penner projection
399139001Parasternal long axis view
399142007Albers-Schonberg projection
399145009Suprasternal short axis view
399146005Grashey projection
399148006Chamberlain projection
399152006Kandel projection
399156009Laquerriere-Pierquin projection
399157000Norgaard's projection
399159002Latero-medial oblique emissive projection
399160007Frontal oblique projection
399161006Cleavage mammography view
399162004Cranio-caudal projection
399163009Magnified projection
399168000Hough projection
399169008Lauenstein projection
399171008Ottonello projection
399173006Left lateral projection
399179005Lawrence projection
399181007Pawlow projection
399182000Oblique projection
399184004Left oblique projection
399188001Superolateral to inferomedial oblique projection
399192008Cranio-caudal projection exaggerated laterally
399195005Right ventricular outflow tract view
399196006Caudo-cranial projection
399198007Right lateral projection
399199004Henschen projection
399200001Subcostal short axis view
399201002Judd projection
399206007Law projection
399212002Camp-Coventry projection
399214001Apical four chamber view
399215000Wigby-Taylor projection
399218003Arcelin projection
399225005Oblique caudo-cranial projection
399227002Kemp Harper projection
399232001Apical two chamber view
399234000Rhese projection
399236003Right oblique projection
399237007Alexander projection
399239005Parasternal short axis view at the aortic valve level
399241006Titterington projection
399242004Acanthioparietal projection
399243009Settegast projection
399245002Cleaves projection
399246001Blackett-Healy projection
399247005Tarrant projection
399251007Lorenz projection
399255003Submentovertical projection
399260004Medial-lateral projection
399263002Beclere projection
399265009Exaggerated cranio-caudal projection
399268006Medio-lateral oblique emissive projection
399270002Towne's projection
399271003Parasternal short axis view at the papillary muscle level
399272005Parietoacanthial projection
399273000Sagittal-oblique axial emissive projection
399277004Hickey projection
399278009Cahoon projection
399280003Kasabach projection
399281004Fleischner projection
399284007Merchant projection
399285008Holmblad projection
399288005Oblique cranio-caudal projection
399290006Schuller projection
399292003Stecher projection
399296000Taylor projection
399297009Right lateral emissive projection
399300004Lateral-medial emissive projection
399303002Dunlap projection
399306005Parasternal short axis view
399308006Lindblom projection
399310008Subcostal long axis view
399311007Grandy projection
399312000Antero-posterior oblique projection
399313005Swanson projection
399316002Parieto-orbital projection
399318001Kovacs projection
399320003Clements-Nakayama projection
399321004Anterior emissive projection
399325008Sagittal-oblique axial projection
399327000Low-Beer projection
399330007Valdini projection
399332004Kurzbauer projection
399335002Dorsoplantar projection
399339008Apical long axis
399341009Haas projection
399342002Lilienfeld projection
399344001Broden projection
399348003Antero-posterior projection
399349006Stenver's projection
399351005Orbito-parietal projection
399352003Lateral-medial projection
399355001Chausse projection
399356000Right anterior oblique projection
399358004Caldwell projection
399360002Verticosubmental projection
399361003Nuclear medicine projection
399362005Bertel projection
399365007Pearson projection
399368009Medio-lateral oblique projection
399370000Lysholm projection
399371001Parasternal short axis view at the level of the mitral chords
399372008Ferguson projection
399488007Midline
408723005Cranial LAO
408724004Caudal LAO
408725003Cranial RAO
408726002Caudal RAO
409970008Female genital
421610009Bottom
421812003Top
422534007Rafert-Long projection
422568001Moore projection
422670003Apple projection
422795009Neer projection
422861003Burman projection
422954003Stryker projection
422996004Wolf projection
423091003Colcher-Sussman projection
423720000Rafer projection
424086005Hirtz Modification projection
424655003Eraso Modification projection
424811006Danelius-Miller projection
424962005Fisk projection
425030002Kite projection
425035007Robert projection
425042007Rosenberg projection
425157002Folio projection
425188003Garth projection
441505008Dorsopalmar projection
441555000Inferomedial to superolateral oblique view
441672003Dorso-ventral projection
441753009Mammography view
442361004Stereoscopic view
442441009Ventro-dorsal projection
442580003Axillary tissue mammography view
442581004Nipple in profile mammography view
442593008Infra-mammary fold mammography view
442594002Right stereoscopic view
442640004Left stereoscopic view
442653001Stereoscopic view incremented from baseline
442667005Stereoscopic view decremented from baseline
443082005Parasternal long axis view of right ventricular inflow tract
443083000Parasternal long axis view of right ventricular outflow tract
443100003Subcostal view of cardiac outlets directed anteriorly
443160001Subcostal short axis view at papillary muscle level
443162009Suprasternal coronal view
443163004Suprasternal sagittal view
443293000Transgastric short axis view
443459002Intramedullary
443499004Subcostal short axis view at mitral valve level
443500008Subcostal short axis view at venous inflow level
443562002Suprasternal long axis view of aortic arch
443609003Subcostal short axis view at aortic valve level
443640005Subcostal oblique coronal view
443662005Transesophageal four chamber view
443698002Transesophageal short axis view
710097009Incisal
710098004Occlusal
710099007Mesial
741000124103Dorsoventral
761000124104Dorsolateral
771000124106Ventrolateral
781000124109Palmar

References

This value set is used by the following logical models, profiles and extensions: